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Gettysburg 1863: 3rd Day: July 3,1863

Major General Winfield Scott Hancock

Hancock graduated from West Point in 1844, 18th in a class of 25.  He served in the Mexican War and was honored for his bravery at the battle of Churubusco.  When the war began he was serving at Los Angeles, struggling to keep Union ammunition from Southern sympathizers.  He was assigned to be General Robert Anderson’s quartermaster in Kentucky.  Thankfully for the Union, Gen. McClellan recognized Hancock’s potential and made him a Brigadier General in William “Baldy” Smith’s Division. Civil War Trust

General Alexander Stewart Webb

Alexander Webb, was not only one of many Gettysburg’s Heros, but was also a New York Patriot. Some of the volunteers, during the Civil War, exhibited a tremendous loyalty and considered it their honor to serve and protect their country. The United States Military Academy produced several brilliant and outstanding officers, one of which was Alexander S. Webb. Civi War Bummer

General Clinton Dugald MacDougall

Born near Glasgow, Scotland, June 14, 1839, he came to the U.S. as a young man and graduated from Jordan Academy in 1853. He married Eva Sabine, January 23, 1867 (she died in 1875) and married a second time to Marianna Cook, November 28, 1878. He was appointed Captain, 75th New York Volunteer Infantry, September 16, 1861; Lieutenant Colonel, 111th New York Volunteers, August 20, 1862; Colonel, January 3, 1863; Breveted Brigadier Generals of Volunteers "for gallant and meritorious service," and mustered out, June 4, 1865. During the Civil War, he commanded both Brigades and Divisions in the Army of the Potomac; commanded the 1st Division, II Corps at the Grand Reviw in Washington, D.C. in May 1865. arlingtoncemetery

General George Armstrong Custer

George Armstrong Custer has been better known for his exploits after the Civil War than those during.  However, his career in the Union army was a success due in large part to his dual characteristics of bravery and audacity.  Described as aggressive, gallant, reckless, and foolhardy, Custer has become one of the most celebrated and controversial figures of the Civil War. Civil War Trust

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Pickett's Charge

The early morning of July 3 was overcast, threatening rain. George Pickett sat with his brigade commanders, Armistead, Kemper, and Garnett, in what he called “a heart to heart powwow.” They knew they were going to lead the Confederate assault that day. The plan was not yet set, orders had not been given, but they were certain that their time had arrived. Armistead was particularly emotional, and gave a ring to Pickett to give to LaSalle, with his compliments. As they were talking a message arrived from Longstreet summoning Pickett to the front. Pickett and his commanders shook hands. Rare

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East Cavalry Field

While infantry fighting resumed on the morning of July 3, 1863, Union cavalry under Gen. David McMurtrie Gregg were strongly picketing the intersection of the Hanover and Low Dutch roads--the direct route to the rear of the Union Center with two brigades, with a third, the Michigan cavalry of Gen. George Custer, close at hand. Artillery shells signaled the opening of Confederate attack followed by dismounted fighting on the farm of John Rummell. The Confederate horsemen under Gen. Jeb Stuart launched a series of mounted attacks, each of which was repulsed by a mounted charge from the Federals. After suffering heavy losses, Stuart withdrew his forces. The Union rear was secure. Civil War Trust

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George Pickett

George Edward Pickett was born in Richmond, Virginia.  He received an appointment to the United States Military Academy at the age of 17, and graduated last in his class at West Point in 1846.  He was immediately sent to participate in the Mexican-American War where he received to brevet promotion for being the first to climb a parapet at the Battle of Chapultepec.  After the Mexican-American War, Pickett continued to serve in the United States military and was assigned to the Washington Territory, where he became involved in a land dispute with Great Britain known as the Pig War. Civil War Trust

Brigadier General Lewis Armistead

Confederate general Lewis Addison Armistead fought in Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia until mortally wounded and captured at the height of Pickett’s Charge on the third day of the Battle of Gettysburg. Civil War Trust

Major General J.E.B. Stuart

On July 3, Stuart and his men engaged in a bloody battle with Union cavalry forces, led by Brig. Gen. David Gregg, at what has become known as East Cavalry Field. The battle began with a cavalry charge from the Confederate forces, which was countered by the 7th Michigan. The two forces engaged in intense point-blank fighting along the fences of Rummel Farm. Civil War Trust

Mary Virginia "Jennie" Wade

On July 3, 1863, the final day of the Battle of Gettysburg, Mary Virginia “Jennie” Wade stood in the kitchen of her sister’s home making biscuits for Union troops. With the home they were staying in caught between the two armies, the 20-year-old seamstress and her family had already survived a number of close calls, including an artillery shell that had crashed through the roof. Yet Wade had neither fled nor taken shelter in the cellar. History

Jennie Wade

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